Zulassungen & Zertifizierungen
Die von APEM gefertigten Produkte sind je nach Serie und Anforderungen unserer Kunden von verschiedensten Zulassungs-Instituten und Verbänden zugelassen. Folgend finden Sie eine kurze Übersicht der Zulassungen und Zertifizierungen, die bei APEM angewendet werden:
ANSI : American National Standard Institute; ein Normungsgremium der Vereinigten Staaten, das das Design und/oder Eigenschaften von elektronischen/elektrischen Komponenten abnimmt, die auf dem Weltmarkt abgesetzt werden. Offizielle Website www.ansi.org
CSA : Canadian Standard Association
IEC : International Electrotechnical Commission
IECQ : IEC's Quality Assessment system for Electronic Components, created in 1983 to facilitate national and international trade in certified electronic components. A worldwide certification system which provides a method whereby electronic components made and handled by approved manufacturers and distributors can be used anywhere without further testing.
NEMA : National Electrical Manufacturers' Association. A US Standards setting group. For switch products most often applied to switches mounted in various enclosures offering specified degrees of protection against intrusion of liquids, dust, corrosive elements, etc. NEMA ratings are common in industrial or outdoor applications. See IP.
SEMKO : Svenska Elektriska Materielkontrollanstalten (Schweden)
SEV : Schweizerischer Elektrotechnisher Verein (Schweiz)
UL : Underwriters laboratories Inc.
VDE : Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker (Deutschland)
RoHS : The Directive on the Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment 2002/95/EC (commonly referred to as the Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive or RoHS) was adopted in February 2003 by the European Union. The RoHS directive took effect on 1 July 2006, and is required to be enforced and become law in each member state. This directive restricts the use of six hazardous materials in the manufacture of various types of electronic and electrical equipment. It is closely linked with the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE) 2002/96/EC which sets collection, recycling and recovery targets for electrical goods and is part of a legislative initiative to solve the problem of huge amounts of toxic e-waste.
ATEX : As of July 2006, organisations in EU must follow the directives to protect employees from explosion risk in areas with a explosive atmospheres.
There are two ATEX directives (one for the manufacturer and one for the user of the euipment):
• the ATEX 95 equipment directive 94/9/EC, Equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres;
• the ATEX 137 workplace directive 99/92/EC, Minimum requirements for improving the safety and health protection of workers potentially at risk from explosive atmospheres.
ATEX gets its name from the French title of the 94/9/EC directive: Appareils destinés à être utilisés en ATmosphères EXplosibles
MIL : The US DoD (Department of Defence) includes : the Army, the Navy, the Air Force and the DLA (Defense Logistics Agency) The role of the DLA is to provide a logistic support to the other entities. The DLA includes 4 DSC (Defense Supply Centers), one is located in Colombus (Ohio) and called DSCC. Responsible for standardization and purchase of military components for military and spatial strengthes : Army, Navy, Air Force, NASA, NATO and FAA. Currently, the DSCC manages more than 2 million different items and accounts.
The DSCC can carry out a manufacturer audit and deliver the QML (Qualified Manfufacturers List) agreement and the QPL (Qualified Products List) agreement. The DSCC is also responsible for the management of the MIL system documents.
MIL documents are available in many fields of application:
EEE components (APEM products are part of this field)
Radio Navigation Equipment
Night Vision Equipment
Different document types:
Military Handbook (MIL-HDBK) : only advice, no requirements.
Military Standard (MIL-STD) : test, process, procedure requirements
Military specification : MIL-PRF or MIL-M-xxx, MIL-C-xxx, … : generic document. Requirements and test procedures for a component group.
Detail specification : MIL-DTL, MIL-PRF : like a manufacturer data-sheet. This document gives the requirements of one product type, and is linked with a generic Military specification.
QPL (Qualified Product List) : list of all available P/Ns qualified by the DSCC